Psychology (Addictions)

By the end of Week 3, you will submit as a document attachment here your Annotated Bibliography, which includes a cover page, a thesis statement, and an APA formatted listing of 8-12 articles to be used in the Case Study Analysis. Each article entry should have include a brief summary of the article and some critical analysis about its findings (to be written in your own words—copying or paraphrasing the article abstract is not permitted). Your paper should be a minimum of 3 pages (excluding Title Page).

Each article must be evidence-based – meaning each is a report of findings arising from experimental research conducted by the article author[s] and not opinion articles or publications summarizing multiple research studies – peer-reviewed, and retrieved from the APUS online library.

You must attach your bibliography document as well as PDFs of the articles you are reviewing in the assignment tab.

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PLEASE NOTE: This is a sample paper from an earlier semester of this class. It received a high grade but it isn’t perfect. It nicely demonstrates, though, the principle elements of this assignment.


Literature Review Thesis and Annotated Bibliography


American Public University






















Literature Review Thesis

The treatment of pathological gambling seems to be a relatively new science. Although the field of pharmacology is proving to be a helpful tool in treating this addictive disorder (Grant & Potenza, 2011), research seems to indicate that the cognitive-behavioral approach to the treatment of pathological gambling shows the most promise. This paper will seek to define and describe the basics of pathological gambling and its consequences, then review the various cognitive-behavioral efforts used to treat this disorder.

















Annotated Bibliography

Alvarez-Moya, E.M., Ochoa, C., Jimenez-Murcia, S., Aymami, M.N., Gomez-Pena, M., Fernandez-Aranda, F., Santamaria, J., Moragas, L., Bove, F., & Menchon, J.M. (2011). Effect of executive functioning, decision-making and self-reported impulsivity on the treatment outcome of pathologic gambling. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 36 (3), 165-175. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1503/jpn.090095).

This article discusses the importance of neurocognitive and personality factors in relation to pathological gambling. The study uses both self-report and neurocognitive measures to assess participants’ levels of general functioning, impulsivity, and decision-making, provided participants with cognitive-behavioral therapy sessions. The study’s conclusions include correlations between the personality traits of high impulsivity, sensitivity to reward, and high drop-out rates.

Bertrand, K., Dufour, M., Wright, J., & Lasnier, B. (2008). Adapted couple therapy (ACT) for pathological gamblers: A promising avenue. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 393-409. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1007/s10899-008-9100-1).

This article discusses the potential benefits to using a couples’ therapy approach for the treatment of pathological gambling. The authors state the objectives of using couples’ therapy in addition to individual therapy for the person with the addiction. These include the encouragement of the couple to work together as a team in the rehabilitation process as well as the improvement of the couple’s relationship as a whole. The article also outlines the phases of the proposed treatment.

Blanchard, E.B., Wulfert, E., Freidenburg, B.M., Malta, L.S. (2000). Psychophysiological assessment of compulsive gamblers’ arousal to gambling cues: A pilot study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 25 (3), 155-165. Retrieved August 29, 2012 from ProQuest Database.

This pilot study, which focuses on a small number of pathological gamblers and control matches, measures multiple physiological assessments hypothesized to be related to pathological gambling. The authors review many similarities found between individuals diagnosed with pathological gambling and with drug addictions, such as social, financial, and vocational problems. The study’s findings regarding heart rate support the idea of “cue-specific arousal” for those with pathological gambling problems. The study’s limitations include a small number of participants.

Breen, B. B., Kruedelback, N.G., Walker, H.J. (2001). Cognitive changes in pathological gamblers following a 28-day inpatient program. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 13 (3), 246-248. Retrieved August 29, 2012 from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1037/0893-164x.15.246).

This study focuses on the role of beliefs and attitudes about gambling upon the addiction of gambling. 56 veterans admitted to inpatient care for pathological gambling were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Gambling Attitude and Beliefs Survey, and the Beck Depression Inventory. They were then provided 28 days of inpatient cognitive behavioral therapy, then retested. Their scores showed some decreases in thinking patterns strongly associated with problematic gambling. While this study addresses the likely importance of one’s beliefs and attitudes in conjunction with pathological gambling behavior, its findings seem preliminary, and lack any follow-up data.

Dowling, N., Smith, D., Thomas, T. (2006). Treatment of female pathological gambling: The efficacy of a cognitive-behavioural approach. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22, 355-372. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1007/s10899-006-9027-3).

This article focuses on the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment for female pathological gamblers. This study points out that in most studies related to gambling, males make up the majority of the participants, and it compares and contrasts average qualities of male versus female gamblers. The cognitive-behavioral treatment is described and discusses the significant levels of success of their participants in abstaining from gambling.

Freidenberg, B.M., Blanchard, E.B., Wulfert, E., & Malta, L.S. (2002). Changes in physiological arousal to gambling cues among participants in motivationally enhanced cognitive-behavior therapy for pathological gambling: A preliminary study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 27 (4), 251-260. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database.

This preliminary study pairs traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy with the element of “motivational enhancement,” designed to augment the benefits of regular CBT. This article describes the rationale behind motivationally enhanced CBT, the treatment plan and methodology, and results, measured by participants’ arousal levels (heart rates) and the South Oaks Gambling Screen.

Grant, J. E., & Potenza, M. N. (2011). Pathological gambling and other “behavioral” addictions. In R. F. Frances, S. I. Miller & A. H. Mack (Eds.), Clinical Textbook of Addictive Disorders. (3rd ed.). (pp. 303-320). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Lindberg, A., Fernie, B.A., Spada, M.M. (2011). Metacognitions in problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 73-81. Retrieved August 29, 2012 from ProQuest Database. (DOI: 10.1007/s10899-010-9193-1).

This study discusses the importance of metacognitions in the treatment of pathological gambling. The relationships between gambling, anxiety, depression, and metacognitions are examined through the use of several well-known self-report measures. Findings show that metacognitions relating to need for control, negative thoughts about beliefs of danger, and cognitive confidence, were significantly correlated with pathological gambling behavior. Anxiety and depression were also correlated with higher levels of gambling behavior. This study highlights the potential importance of addressing metacognitions in cognitive behavioral therapy for individuals with pathological gambling issues.

Marceaux, J.C., & Melville, C.L. (2011). Twelve-step facilitated versus mapping-enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy for pathological gambling: A controlled study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 171-190. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1007/s10899-010-9196-y).

This study compares and contrasts the results of twelve-step facilitated group therapy and node-link mapping-enhanced individual cognitive-behavioral therapy. Assessments and treatments are described. Overall, the majority of participants in both groups showed significant decreases in gambling behavior.

Milton, S., Crino, R., Hunt, C., Prosser, E. (2002). The effect of compliance-improving interventions on the cognitive-behavioral treatment of pathological gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, Summer 2002, 2 (18), 207-229. Retrieved August 29, 2012 from ProQuest Database.

This article discusses the dysfunctional belief and behavior patterns associated with pathological gambling, including the typical problem of non-compliance with treatment. This study compares the differences in results between groups of outpatient pathological gamblers treated with cognitive behavioral therapy with and without “compliance-enhancing interventions” such as positive feedback, letters of encouragement, and a focus on the client’s positive prognosis and self-efficacy. Those treated with CBT were deliberately not provided any positive reinforcement. The results of the study showed significant short-term improvement for those treated with CBT and compliance-enhancement interventions. The results of this study seem quite limited, as most CBT already uses elements of what the study labels “compliance enhancement” and no long-term differences in results were found.

Petry, N.M. (2005). Gamblers anonymous and cognitive-behavioral therapies for pathological gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 21 (1), 27-33. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10.1007/s10899-004-1919-5).

This brief article provides information on the organization Gamblers’ Anonymous and the basics of cognitive-behavioral treatment for pathological gambling. The author reflects that these two intervention approaches may be used effectively in tandem, and also discusses some of the limitations to researching this disorder (e.g. high drop-out rates, the priority of anonymity in GA).

Petry, N.M., Ammerman, Y., Bohl, J., Doersch, A., Gay, H., Kadden, R., Molina, C., & Steinburg, K. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pathological gamblers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74 (3), 555-567. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database (DOI: 10 pathological ga.1037/0022-006X.74.3.555).

This study examines the efficacy of several variations of cognitive-behavioral therapy: referral to Gamblers’ Anonymous, referral to GA and cognitive-behavioral treatment in a workbook form, and referral to GA and individual cognitive-behavioral therapy. While each type of intervention showed a modicum of success, the participants who received a referral to GA and individual therapy exhibited the most progress.

Sylvain, C., Ladouceur, R., & Boisvert, J. (1997). Cognitive and behavioral treatment of pathological gambling: A controlled study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65 (5), 727-732. Retrieved August 20, 2012, from ProQuest Database.

This article examines the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for individuals meeting the DSM-IV TR criteria for pathological gambling. The study discusses some of the cognitive fallacies exhibited by many uncontrolled gamblers, outlines the steps of treatment (including sessions on cognitive correction, problem-solving, social skills, and relapse prevention), and reports significant results for its participants, the majority of whom no longer meet the DSM-IV TR criteria for the disorder.