Discussion The Human Genome.

Hello, I am looking for someone to write an article on The Human Genome. It needs to be at least 250 words. The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project in the United s began in 1990 and represented a 13 year coordinated plan between the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institute of Health in an effort to map out the human DNA for scientific purposes. The primary objectives of the program included the mandate to (2011):

identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA,

determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,

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store this information in databases,

improve tools for data analysis,

transfer related technologies to the private sector, and

address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.

The experiments required the participation of various public and private organizations such as the Department of Energy, Chromosome 21 Consortium, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Stanford Genome Technology Center, Baylor College of Medicine, and the Washington University School of Medicine. Other countries and their respective genome research departments involved in the project include The Australian Genome Research Facility, Beijing Genomics Institute, Japan Science and Technology Corporation Sequencing Projects, and other companies located in France, Germany, and other countries sich as Mexico, Spain, and others across the globe. Through this international collaboration the following milestones were achieved by the project in record time ( 2008):

Human Genome Project Goals and Completion Dates

Area

HGP Goal

Standard Achieved

Date Achieved

Genetic Map

2- to 5-cM resolution map (600 – 1,500 markers)

1-cM resolution map (3,000 markers)

September 1994

Physical Map

30,000 STSs

52,000 STSs

October 1998

DNA Sequence

95% of gene-containing part of human sequence finished to 99.99% accuracy

99% of gene-containing part of human sequence finished to 99.99% accuracy

April 2003

Capacity and Cost of Finished Sequence

Sequence 500 Mb/year at &lt. $0.25 per finished base

Sequence &gt.

 

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