Behavioral Cognitive or Reality Theory Counseling
using gestalt theory
You will select one theory of psychotherapy studied in Units14 (psychoanalytic psychodynamic Adlerian Gestalt existential orperson-centered) to describe and analyze. You will then apply the theory to TheCase of Margarita Part 1 case study. You may also choose one primary theoryand integrate concepts from one other theory. The areas you should focus whenanalyzing the theory are listed below. This APA-style paper should be 68 pages(excluding references and title page) so select the information carefullyusing the most relevant and applicable information.
USE GESTALT THEORY
Brief description of the theory’s origin (background howwas it developed who created it) and basic philosophies (its view of humannature theory of change view of psychopathology the role of the counselor).
How this theory aligns with your own philosophy values andviews of the therapeutic process. An evaluation of the research evidencesupporting this theory with an example of a current study. The appropriatenessof this theory for diverse populations.
Goals you will work on with Margarita (make sure the goalsalign with the chosen therapeutic approach).
Interventions and techniques you will use with Margaritabased on your theoretically established goals. Be very specific. Assume thatyou will have up to three sessions with her.
Cultural considerations you will keep in mind while usingthis therapeutic approach with Margarita.
Strengths and limitations of using this theory withMargarita
Case Study: The Case of Margarita Part 1
Margarita is a 26-year-old PuertoRican woman. She was born in Puerto Rico and moved to the United States as ateenager. Her husband is African American and has lived in the United Stateshis entire life. The couple has been married for five years. They have twochildren together a boy age three and a girl age one.
Margarita is seeking counseling due to reported angeroutbursts. She states that she becomes so angry with her husband that shethinks of physically harming him although she does not remember anything thathe does specifically to provoke her anger. She denies any physical violence buthas gone as far as grabbing a knife and threatening him. She does respond tohis verbal attempts to calm her. She reports feeling relief after theexplosion.
Margarita has an MBA and is very intelligent. Recently she wasaccepted to law school and will be starting in three months. Her husband holdsa prominent position in their community and is 10 years older than she. Shestates that he never gets angry with her and just tells her that thingswill get better. In the assessment you discover that it appears he issomewhat of an enabler in that he minimizes her outbursts but he is very goodto her. Margarita does admit that she is fearful that her husband will leaveher due to her behavior. She reports that they do not communicate well hemaintains the house and they rarely experience intimacy or sex.
Margarita also discusses feeling depressed most of the time but she hasto put on a game face to do her work. Her husband and her parentsare the only ones who see her depressed side. She holds an important positionwith the community development board in the county where she lives. She alsoreports that she often experiences anxiety in social situations avoids goingplaces where she may be socially judged and has no friends but she does feelconfident in structured work projects where she is in charge. She reportshaving panic attacks on occasion and has had thoughts of suicide. She oftenthinks that she is not pretty enough or nice enough to have friends althoughshe truly wants to have quality friendships. She is always in a mode ofself-doubt and admits to constant negative internal dialogue.
She denies any drug or alcohol abuse or history. There is no physicalor sexual abuse in her past. She states she saw a counselor about six times incollege after the death of her best friend. She states she felt she should havebeen the one who died in the car crash and not her friend although she was noteven involved in the accident. She did not feel that the counseling washelpful. At that time she took Paxil but had an extreme negative reaction. Sheis reluctant to take medication at this time.