Running head: EVERY STUDENT SUCCEEDS 1
EVERY STUDENT SUCCEEDS 5
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POL201 – American National Government
Instructor: David Crum
May 14, 2018
Every Student Succeeds Act for Education
Does every student succeed just because we have legislative acts that tells us they will? My topic is Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015. This is an important piece of legislation because it is something we have been trying to reform since 1965. This act reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act from 1965 to continue that nations commitment for equal opportunities for every student. There should be a balance of federal and state accountability for education policies I intend to show that for every president that comes into office there comes a new idea of how to help our students succeed in education. Education reform should be left to the states with the support of the federal government and each accountable to one another. There are many opinions on who should have control, the government, the states and who should hold the power of how our schools are formed.
A. Every Student Succeeds Act will put power back into the local and state government control. Understanding how history has played a part in our educational system is where I will begin.
1. President Johnson saw the need to fight the war on poverty because there was an inequality in education for low-income children that needed to be addressed. These federal dollars went to program improvements, materials, and professional development along with parental involvement. Since the passing of ESEA there was a shift in the federal role of education.
2. Then came the No Child Left Behind Act which was another reauthorization until President Obama replaced that with our current Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015. Which has shifted power back to the states.
B. Policy and laws are what help keep our educational programs accountable. Federal mandated testing and school improvement being left to the states are just one of the checks and balances of government.
1. With the challenges that the states face as things start to shift back to them they will now have look at current policy to ensure equitable outcomes. Student outcomes along with the professional development of staff will need to be considered as the states shift power.
2. The states will also need to intervene for those schools that have not closed those achievement gaps in the subgroups. Low-income families must have access to quality schools considering that in 2013, 51% of the students nationwide were from low-income families.
C. Social media plays a role in politics, policies, debates, and elections. Our current president “Tweets” daily. One policy initiative was the Common Core State Standards. The goal was to inform policymakers, raise awareness for collaboration, and raise the awareness student’s achievement level. This initiative won the policy war however lost the political battle on the social media site Twitter.
1. Because there had not been social media until the early years in 2000, no one had the opportunity to use social media to advocate for policies or against policies. When the Jonathan Supovitz tracked the debate about Common Core on Twitter it proved how much social media can play in the political debates and will give people another avenue to voice their opinion.
2. Another look at how media can affect this policy is that when Obama signed this law it was not enacted until the 2017/2018 school year and he would no longer be president. Now that Trump is president he has indicated that he will sign a similar resolution that the Senate has passed. There is some controversy in the media about President Trump appointing Betsy DeVos as the secretary of education.
D. The success of students can impact how people choose to vote and elect because children are considered our future. Poverty is still a concern in our country and children’s education can be impacted by that. Civil rights and continuing segregation issues will influence how people vote.
1. There should be a universal pre-k program for equal education states Representative Marcia Fudge. She states that we as Americans need to demand more for our children. If 51% of our students we low-income in 2013 than 51% of Americans can demand better for their children in how they vote.
2. The design of the Every Student Succeeds Act influenced constituency groups because the NCLB act was more of a one size fits all to education and that was not working. With the succession of presidents, the shift of the federal role has been from funding to requiring greater accountability. Using his role as president Obama took advantage of the policy window and expanded the executive power which in turned funneled nearly $100 billion to education. It created and incentive program for states to alter policy for an opportunity to receive increased federal dollars.
In conclusion the Every Student Succeeds Act is imbedded in history not only for changing the educational system but also because of what it is based on is rooted in our history and how much we value education. The checks and balances for our government was developed so that no one branch of government would become more powerful than the others which is why there needs to be a balance. For children to become successful they need their states and federal government to support that success.
Egalite, A., Fusarelli, L., and Fusarelli, B. (2017). Will Decentralization Affect Educational Inequity? The Every Student Succeeds Act. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/doi/pdf/10.1177/0013161X17735869
Fudge, M. (2017) Reinvesting in Public Education, A Cornerstone for America’s Success. Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p201-224, 24p. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=6&sid=2cbc88e6-e1e7-4b16-8b7f-e1b7d0ae2c00%40sessionmgr4008
Goldstein, D. (2017) Obama Education Rules Are Swept Aside by Congress, The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/09/us/every-student-succeeds-act-essa-congress.html
Gross, B., and Hill, P. (2016). The State Role in K-12 Education: From Issuing Mandates to Experimentation, Harvard Law & Policy Review. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.proxylibrary.ashford.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=13&sid=8c39566e-20e5-4333-8f25-8bf6f5c7a857%40sessionmgr4008
Saultz, A., Fusarelli, L., and McEachin, A. (2017) The Every Student Succeeds Act, the Decline of the Federal Role in Education Policy, and the Curbing of Executive Authority, The Journal of Federalism, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 426-444 Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/publius/pjx031
Supovitz, J. (2017) Social media is the new player in the politics of education. Phi Delta Kappan. Vol. 99 Issue 3, 50.; Phi Delta Kappa, Inc. Retrieved from http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=11&sid=31b3648d-832c-4148-8c34-6e80d14c1c5a%40sessionmgr4009
Thank you for your submission.
You developed a thesis/introduction. Though you need some work on your thesis.
Some tips: Introduce the topic to the reader in 3-5 sentences. Leave the body for the facts. Focus on a strong thesis statement leading into the body of your paper. <<< I think your thesis is okay. Can you expand on it a bit?
I think you are close. Here is an example of an introduction/thesis: By 1943, the world knew European Jews were being killed in brutal “concentration camps.” Little could be done as the Allied forces had not yet made an entrance into the region. Sadly, the Jews were not the only persecuted people group. While they were not being exterminated like the Jews in Europe, Japanese Americans were soon the enemy to many Americans. In the United States, many Japanese Americans were forcibly removed from their homes and required to enter “relocation camps.” Even today, President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066 remains one of the most controversial decisions of his presidency. So obviously the above paragraph is referencing the Japanese internment camps. Notice a few things, first: it merely introduces the topic. I seek to capture the reader’s attention. Second: The facts are not introduced, just general statements. Thirdly: The last sentence is referencing my main topic and allows my paper to connect to my thesis directly.
<<< Make sure you connect your thesis to your ultimate introduction. You need to avoid “first-person interaction (I, we, me, etc.).” Avoid first-person throughout the entire paper.
A few things:
Remember to summarize your findings in the conclusion.
Watch for spelling/grammatical/capitalization errors.
Stick to scholarly sources. Deeanne, you need to cite your sources. You mentioned many facts, but you didn’t cite them. You need to develop this outline into a solid paper.
Make sure you connect voting, the media and the balance of powers to your specific policy. This all needs to correlate to your educational policy.
How does Betsy DeVos play into this policy? Specify this… We need details.